Portugal to ban ‘vegan leather’ and other plant-based prefixes on grounds of being ‘misleading’

Author: Molly Pickering

Read Time:   |  15th February 2022

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Portugal has announced a ban on the term 'vegan leather', which means that fashion companies that use plant-based prefixes could face fines and prosecution.


The Portuguese government has lashed out against the vegan textiles industry following its ban on the term ‘vegan leather’.

Companies that use plant-based prefixes such as ‘vegan’, ‘synthetic’, or ‘pineapple’ for their products could face fines and prosecution.

The country claims that using plant-based prefixes with words such as leather can be misleading.

Furthermore, brands from the vegan fashion industry have called out the ‘Leather Decree’, claiming Portugal is protecting its real leather industry against sustainable leather alternatives.

Portugal vegan leather ban

Portugal is home to several leading sustainable leather companies, such as Pangaia and B_Boheme.

In conversation with Vegconomist, B_Boheme Founder, Alicia Lai, said: “We have all heard the terms ‘vegan sausage’, ‘vegan chocolate’ and ‘vegan leather’.

“These terms are not aiming to mislead consumers but to show that there are no animal ingredients in the product, and these terms are very much accepted.”

Additionally, Immaculate Vegan Founder, Annick Ireland, added: “I don’t think a single person seeing the words ‘vegan leather’ thinks the material is made from animal skin.

“The simple truth is that this is nothing to do with consumer transparency and protection, and instead just one more desperate attempt by old, flailing industries to continue their cruel and climactically disastrous practices.”

Traditional leather tanning process. Source: Timothy Allen/Getty Images

Traditional leather tanning process. Source: Timothy Allen/Getty Images

Plastic vs Greenhouse Gas

Those in favour of Portugal’s ‘Leather Decree’ have argued that some alt leather materials have a greater impact on the planet due to high plastic content.

While the impact of plastic is an ever-growing concern, the production of real leather imposes a greater threat to both our planet and the workers.

Studies suggest that leather alternative textiles produce 80% emissions1 compared to real leather.

Real leather production requires a process called tanning which permanently alters the protein structure of the skin.

Tanning production uses a number of hazardous, carcinogenic chemicals2.

Moreover, these chemicals often pollute local waterways and can cause significant health damages to workers.

Want to read more? Discover the best vegan leather alternatives

Source: Vegconomist

Featured image: Unsplash


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S277280132200001X?via=ihub
  2. https://leathersustainability.weebly.com/

Written by

Molly Pickering

Molly is the Digital Executive and Podcast host at Anthem's Vegan Food & Living, she also works across other titles including Women's Running and Classic Pop to create affiliate content for the website. Starting out as a Digital Marketing Apprentice at Vegan Food & Living in 2021, within 14 months Molly was shortlisted for ‘Best Editorial Assistant’ at the BSME Talent Awards 2022 and won the BCS Special Recognition award for Digital Marketing Apprentice of the Year in 2022

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